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B-38/56, Lane-4

Sheel Nagar Colony, Mahmoorganj, Varanasi, UP


Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. This condition can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. The severity and frequency of symptoms can vary, and asthma can be triggered by various factors, including allergens, exercise, infections, and environmental factors.


The exact cause of asthma is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Common triggers include:

  1. Allergens: Pollen, dust mites, mold, pet dander.
  2. Respiratory Infections: Colds, flu, and other respiratory infections.
  3. Physical Activity: Exercise-induced asthma.
  4. Airborne Irritants: Smoke, air pollution, strong odors.
  5. Occupational Exposures: Certain workplace irritants or chemicals.

Common symptoms of asthma include:

  1. Wheezing: A whistling sound when breathing.
  2. Shortness of Breath: Difficulty breathing, especially during physical activities.
  3. Coughing: Often worse at night or early in the morning.
  4. Chest Tightness: A feeling of pressure or constriction in the chest.

Asthma is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and lung function tests. These tests may include:

  1. Spirometry: Measures how much air you can exhale and how quickly.
  2. Peak Flow Measurement: Monitors how well your lungs are working.
  3. Allergy Testing: Identifies specific allergens that may trigger asthma.
Management and Treatment:
  1. Medications:

    • Bronchodilators: Open airways and relieve symptoms.
    • Anti-inflammatory drugs: Reduce airway inflammation.
    • Combination inhalers: Contain both bronchodilators and anti-inflammatory medications.
  2. Long-Term Control:

    • Identifying and avoiding triggers.
    • Developing an asthma action plan.
    • Regular monitoring of symptoms and peak flow.
  3. Emergency Treatment:

    • Quick-relief medications for acute symptoms.
    • Seeking emergency medical care for severe attacks.
Lifestyle and Prevention:
  1. Avoiding Triggers:

    • Identifying and minimizing exposure to allergens and irritants.
    • Creating an asthma-friendly home environment.
  2. Vaccinations:

    • Influenza and pneumonia vaccinations are recommended to prevent respiratory infections.
  3. Regular Exercise:

    • Physical activity can help improve lung function, but it should be done with proper precautions.

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B-38/56, Lane-4, Sheel Nagar Colony, Mahmoorganj, Varanasi, 221010

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