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B-38/56, Lane-4

Sheel Nagar Colony, Mahmoorganj, Varanasi, UP

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the lungs. It is one of the most common cancers worldwide and is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths. There are two main types of lung cancer: non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC). NSCLC is more common, accounting for about 85% of all lung cancers, while SCLC is a more aggressive form of the disease.

Causes and Risk Factors:
  1. Smoking: The primary cause of lung cancer is cigarette smoking. Tobacco smoke contains carcinogens that can damage the cells in the lungs and lead to cancer.
  2. Secondhand Smoke: Exposure to secondhand smoke also increases the risk of developing lung cancer.
  3. Environmental Factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as asbestos, radon, and air pollution, can contribute to the development of lung cancer.
  4. Genetic Factors: A family history of lung cancer may increase an individual’s susceptibility to the disease.
  1. Persistent Cough: A chronic cough that doesn’t go away or gets worse over time.
  2. Shortness of Breath: Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, even with mild exertion.
  3. Chest Pain: Pain or discomfort in the chest, especially when coughing or laughing.
  4. Unexplained Weight Loss: Sudden and unexplained weight loss.
  5. Fatigue: Feeling tired or weak, even after adequate rest.
  1. Imaging Tests: X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans can help identify abnormalities in the lungs.
  2. Biopsy: A sample of lung tissue is taken for examination under a microscope to determine if cancer is present.
  3. Sputum Cytology: Examining a sample of mucus coughed up from the lungs can sometimes reveal the presence of cancer cells.
Treatment Options:
  1. Surgery: Removal of the tumor or affected portion of the lung.
  2. Chemotherapy: The use of drugs to kill cancer cells or stop their growth.
  3. Radiation Therapy: The use of high-energy rays to target and kill cancer cells.
  4. Immunotherapy: Boosting the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells.
  5. Targeted Therapy: Using drugs that specifically target certain molecules involved in cancer growth.
  1. Quit Smoking: The most effective way to prevent lung cancer is to avoid smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke.
  2. Healthy Lifestyle: Eat a balanced diet, exercise regularly, and maintain a healthy weight.
  3. Avoid Environmental Toxins: Minimize exposure to asbestos, radon, and other environmental carcinogens.

Early detection and advances in treatment have improved outcomes for some individuals with lung cancer. Regular screenings and awareness of risk factors can contribute to early diagnosis and more effective treatment. It’s important for individuals at risk or experiencing symptoms to consult with healthcare professionals for proper evaluation and management.

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B-38/56, Lane-4, Sheel Nagar Colony, Mahmoorganj, Varanasi, 221010

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